Signs And Symptoms Of Ovulation
The signs and symptoms of ovulation vary from woman to woman. When you’re ovulating, you’re at your most fertile. So if you’re trying for a baby, it’s the best time of the month to have sex.
Ovulation and role of hormones –
Ovulation results from an interplay between the hypothalamus, pituitary, ovary and endometrium. The ovary has two roles: the first is the endocrine function of producing oestrogen and progesterone to prepare the endometrium to receive the fertilised ovum. The second, which is intrinsically related, is gametogenesis and ovulation.
Development of the ovarian follicle occurs in response to stimulation from the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus and pituitary are intimately associated. Together they regulate ovarian structure and function throughout the menstrual cycle. The hypothalamus produces Gonadotrophin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) in a pulsatile fashion and this in turn stimulates the production of the gonadotropins Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinising Hormone (LH). These hormones are responsible for the ovulation.
If you want to know, you have to check minute changes in your body, when you’re ovulating.
Ovulation is the key factor for getting pregnant. Take time now to learn about ovulation, its signs, and how to track it so that you can get pregnant quicker and easier.
Common Signs of Ovulation
Again, it is important to note that ovulation symptoms vary from woman to woman with some women experiencing no symptoms at all.
Primary Ovulation signs-
- Change in cervical mucus – Cervical mucus that resembles “egg whites” is a sign that you are about to ovulate or are ovulating. It’s become more thick during ovulation. During ovulation, under the influence of high estrogen level in the blood, mucus production volume increases. It is a mechanical barrier to the pathogen and less viable sperm. Cervical mucus provides sperm with proper nutrition, under the favorable conditions the sperm can stay viable up to 4-5 days.
- Change in basal body temperature –The basal body temperature is the lowest temperature of your body at rest. It will change throughout the month and is affected by ovulation, which makes it increase by 0.5°F to 1°F (0.25°C to 0.5°C).This temperature difference is very minute. So, it’s better to use Basal body thermometer.
- There is also a tendency for the body temperature to be lower in the days before ovulation and higher afterwards. This divides your menstrual cycle in two, with a peak in the middle when you ovulate.
The phase before ovulation is the follicular stage and the stage after is the luteal stage.
The higher temperature is caused by oestrogen. After ovulation, there is a rise in progesterone, which is released from the corpus luteum that develops from an ovarian follicle.
If a pregnancy occurs, the corpus luteum takes on a temporary role of maintaining pregnancy hormones until the placenta takes over. But if there’s no pregnancy, the corpus luteum breaks down and disintegrates at the same time as menstruation, when your BBT rises again.
Your cycle may be the same each month or might vary wildly. By charting your temperature, you can get to know what is happening during your cycles and also see whether your luteal phase is long enough to sustain a pregnancy.
Secondary Ovulation sign
- Light spotting
- Slight pain on one side of the pelvis
- Breast tenderness
- Abdominal bloating
- Increased sex drive
- Heightened sense of smell, taste or vision
These are the sign many women notice during their ovulation time. But it varies from women to women.
Ovulation prediction kits-
You can buy ovulation prediction kits over the counter (OTC). These kits test the hormone levels in your urine to find out when you’re at your most fertile.